2016 | 2015

indicates BGC-Argo papers
indicates Deep Argo papers

2016

Abernathey, R. P., I. Cerovecki, P. R. Holland, E. Newsom, M. Mazloff, and L. D. Talley, 2016: Water-mass transformation by sea ice in the upper branch of the Southern Ocean overturning. Nature Geosci, 9, 596-601, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2749

Aguiar-González, B., L. Ponsoni, H. Ridderinkhof, H. M. van Aken, W. P. M. de Ruijter, and L. R. M. Maas, 2016: Seasonal variation of the South Indian tropical gyre. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 110, 123-140, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.004

Akhil, V. P., M. Lengaigne, F. Durand, J. Vialard, A. V. S. Chaitanya, M. G. Keerthi, V. V. Gopalakrishna, J. Boutin, and C. de Boyer Montégut, 2016: Assessment of seasonal and year-to-year surface salinity signals retrieved from SMOS and Aquarius missions in the Bay of Bengal. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 37, 1089-1114, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2016.1145362

Akhil, V. P., M. Lengaigne, J. Vialard, F. Durand, M. G. Keerthi, A. V. S. Chaitanya, F. Papa, V. V. Gopalakrishna, and C. de Boyer Montégut, 2016: A modeling study of processes controlling the Bay of Bengal sea surface salinity interannual variability. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 8471-8495, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011662

Alexeev, V. A., V. V. Ivanov, I. A. Repina, O. Y. Lavrova, and S. V. Stanichny, 2016: Convective structures in the Lofoten Basin based on satellite and Argo data. Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 52, 1064-1077, http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0001433816090036

Alvera-Azcárate, A., A. Barth, G. Parard, and J.-M. Beckers, 2016: Analysis of SMOS sea surface salinity data using DINEOF. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 137-145, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.044

Androulidakis, Y., V. Kourafalou, G. Halliwell, M. Le Hénaff, H. Kang, M. Mehari, and R. Atlas, 2016: Hurricane interaction with the upper ocean in the Amazon-Orinoco plume region. Ocean Dynamics, 1-30, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-016-0997-0

Appen, W.-J. v., U. Schauer, T. Hattermann, and A. Beszczynska-Möller, 2016: Seasonal Cycle of Mesoscale Instability of the West Spitsbergen Current. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1231-1254, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0184.1

Artana, C., R. Ferrari, Z. Koenig, M. Saraceno, A. R. Piola, and C. Provost, 2016: Malvinas Current variability from Argo floats and satellite altimetry. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4854-4872, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011889

Arzel, O. and A. C. d. Verdière, 2016: Can We Infer Diapycnal Mixing Rates from the World Ocean Temperature–Salinity Distribution? Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 3751-3775, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/jpo-d-16-0152.1

Aydoğdu, A., N. Pinardi, J. Pistoia, M. Martinelli, A. Belardinelli, and S. Sparnocchia, 2016: Assimilation experiments for the Fishery Observing System in the Adriatic Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 162, 126-136, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.03.002

Aznar, R., M. G. Sotillo, S. Cailleau, P. Lorente, B. Levier, A. Amo-Baladrón, G. Reffray, and E. Álvarez-Fanjul, 2016: Strengths and weaknesses of the CMEMS forecasted and reanalyzed solutions for the Iberia–Biscay–Ireland (IBI) waters. Journal of Marine Systems, 159, 1-14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.02.007

Bachèlery, M.-L., S. Illig, and I. Dadou, 2016: Interannual variability in the South-East Atlantic Ocean, focusing on the Benguela Upwelling System: Remote versus local forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 284-310, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011168

Bai, P., Y. Gu, P. Li, and K. Wu, 2016: Modelling the upwelling offthe east Hainan Island coast in summer 2010. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 34, 1358-1373, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00343-016-5147-5

Barceló-Llull, B., E. Mason, A. Capet, and A. Pascual, 2016: Impact of vertical and horizontal advection on nutrient distribution in the southeast Pacific. Ocean Science, 12, 1003-1011, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-12-1003-2016

Baringer, M. O., M. Lankhorst, D. Volkov, S. Garzoli, S. Dong, U. Send, and C. S. Meinen, 2016: Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, S84 – S87, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Bartsev, S. I. and J. I. Gitelson, 2016: A mathematical model of the global processes of plastic degradation in the World Ocean with account for the surface temperature distribution. Doklady Earth Sciences, 466, 153-156, http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1028334X16020033

Belonenko, T. V., A. A. Kubrjakov, and S. V. Stanichny, 2016: Spectral characteristics of Rossby waves in the Northwestern Pacific based on satellite altimetry. Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 52, 920-928, http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0001433816090073

Bender, M. L. and B. Jönsson, 2016: Is seasonal net community production in the South Pacific Subtropical Gyre anomalously low? Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 9757-9763, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL070220

 Bender, M. L., B. Tilbrook, N. Cassar, B. Jonsson, A. Poisson, and T. W. Trull, 2016: Ocean productivity south of Australia during spring and summer. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 112, 68-78, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.018

Bensi, M., D. Velaoras, V. L. Meccia, and V. Cardin, 2016: Effects of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea circulation on the thermohaline properties as recorded by fixed deep-ocean observatories. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 112, 1-13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.015

Bhaskar, T. V. S. and D. Swain, 2016: Relation between Sonic Layer and Mixed layer depth in the Arabian Sea. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 45, 1264-1271, http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/35711

Bhaskar, T. V. S. U., C. Jayaram, P. R. R. E, and K. H. Rao, 2016: Spatio-temporal evolution of chlorophyll-a in the Bay of Bengal: a remote sensing and bio-argo perspective. Proc. SPIE 9878, Remote Sensing of the Oceans and Inland Waters: Techniques, Applications, and Challenges, 98780Z-98780Z-6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2223880

Bhowmick, S. A., N. Agarwal, M. M. Ali, C. M. Kishtawal, and R. Sharma, 2016: Role of ocean heat content in boosting post-monsoon tropical storms over Bay of Bengal during La-Niña events. Climate Dynamics, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3428-5

Billheimer, S. and L. D. Talley, 2016: Extraordinarily Weak Eighteen Degree Water Production Concurs with Strongly Positive North Atlantic Oscillation in Late Winter 2014/15, In State of the Climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, S78 – S79, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Billheimer, S. and L. D. Talley, 2016: Annual cycle and destruction of Eighteen Degree Water. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 6604-6617, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011799

Bosse, A., P. Testor, L. Houpert, P. Damien, L. Prieur, D. Hayes, V. Taillandier, X. Durrieu de Madron, F. d’Ortenzio, L. Coppola, J. Karstensen, and L. Mortier, 2016: Scales and dynamics of Submesoscale Coherent Vortices formed by deep convection in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 7716-7742, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC012144

Boucharel, J., F.-F. Jin, M. H. England, B. Dewitte, I. I. Lin, H.-C. Huang, and M. A. Balmaseda, 2016: Influence of Oceanic Intraseasonal Kelvin Waves on Eastern Pacific Hurricane Activity. Journal of Climate, 29, 7941-7955, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0112.1

Boutin, J., Y. Chao, W. E. Asher, T. Delcroix, R. Drucker, K. Drushka, N. Kolodziejczyk, T. Lee, N. Reul, G. Reverdin, J. Schanze, A. Soloviev, L. Yu, J. Anderson, L. Brucker, E. Dinnat, A. Santos-Garcia, W. L. Jones, C. Maes, T. Meissner, W. Tang, N. Vinogradova, and B. Ward, 2016: Satellite and In Situ Salinity: Understanding Near-Surface Stratification and Subfootprint Variability. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, 1391-1407, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00032.1

Boutin, J., N. Martin, N. Kolodziejczyk, and G. Reverdin, 2016: Interannual anomalies of SMOS sea surface salinity. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 128-136, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.053

Boyer, T., C. M. Domingues, S. A. Good, G. C. Johnson, J. M. Lyman, M. Ishii, V. Gouretski, J. K. Willis, J. Antonov, S. Wijffels, J. A. Church, R. Cowley, and N. L. Bindoff, 2016: Sensitivity of Global Upper-Ocean Heat Content Estimates to Mapping Methods, XBT Bias Corrections, and Baseline Climatologies. Journal of Climate, 29, 4817-4842, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0801.1

Brasnett, B. and D. S. Colan, 2016: Assimilating Retrievals of Sea Surface Temperature from VIIRS and AMSR2. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33, 361-375, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0093.1

Brennan, C. E., L. Bianucci, and K. Fennel, 2016: Sensitivity of Northwest North Atlantic Shelf Circulation to Surface and Boundary Forcing: A Regional Model Assessment. Atmosphere-Ocean, 54, 230-247, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07055900.2016.1147416

Brodeau, L. and T. Koenigk, 2016: Extinction of the northern oceanic deep convection in an ensemble of climate model simulations of the 20th and 21st centuries. Climate Dynamics, 46, 2863-2882, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2736-5

Buckley, M. W. and J. Marshall, 2016: Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review. Reviews of Geophysics, 54, 5-63, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015RG000493

Buijsman, M. C., J. K. Ansong, B. K. Arbic, J. G. Richman, J. F. Shriver, P. G. Timko, A. J. Wallcraft, C. B. Whalen, and Z. Zhao, 2016: Impact of Parameterized Internal Wave Drag on the Semidiurnal Energy Balance in a Global Ocean Circulation Model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1399-1419, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0074.1

Buongiorno Nardelli, B., R. Droghei, and R. Santoleri, 2016: Multi-dimensional interpolation of SMOS sea surface salinity with surface temperature and in situ salinity data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 392-402, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.12.052

Burmeister, K., P. Brandt, and J. F. Lübbecke, 2016: Revisiting the Cause of the Eastern Equatorial Atlantic Cold Event in 2009. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4777-4789, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011719

Burns, J. M. and B. Subrahmanyam, 2016: Variability of the Seychelles-Chagos Thermocline Ridge Dynamics in Connection With ENSO and Indian Ocean Dipole. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 13, 2019-2023, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2016.2621353

Burns, J. M., B. Subrahmanyam, E. S. Nyadjro, and V. S. N. Murty, 2016: Tropical cyclone activity over the Southwest Tropical Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 6389-6402, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011992

 Bushinsky, S. M., S. R. Emerson, S. C. Riser, and D. D. Swift, 2016: Accurate oxygen measurements on modified Argo floats using in situ air calibrations. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 491-505, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10107

Cabanes, C., V. Thierry, and C. Lagadec, 2016: Improvement of bias detection in Argo float conductivity sensors and its application in the North Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 114, 128-136, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.05.007

Caldeira, R., X. Couvelard, R. Vieira, C. Lucas, I. Sala, and I. V. Casanova, 2016: Challenges of building an operational ocean forecasting system for small island regions: regional to local. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 9, 1-12, https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2016.1205304

 Capet, A., E. V. Stanev, J. M. Beckers, J. W. Murray, and M. Grégoire, 2016: Decline of the Black Sea oxygen inventory. Biogeosciences, 13, 1287-1297, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-1287-2016

Capet, X., G. Roullet, P. Klein, and G. Maze, 2016: Intensification of Upper-Ocean Submesoscale Turbulence through Charney Baroclinic Instability. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 3365-3384, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0050.1

Capó, E., A. Orfila, J. M. Sayol, M. Juza, M. G. Sotillo, D. Conti, G. Simarro, B. Mourre, L. Gómez-Pujol, and J. Tintoré, 2016: Assessment of operational models in the Balearic Sea during a MEDESS-4MS experiment. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 133, 118-131, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.03.009

Carrassi, A., V. Guemas, F. J. Doblas-Reyes, D. Volpi, and M. Asif, 2016: Sources of skill in near-term climate prediction: generating initial conditions. Climate Dynamics, 47, 3693-3712, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3036-4

Carrier, M. J., H. E. Ngodock, S. R. Smith, I. Souopgui, and B. Bartels, 2016: Examining the Potential Impact of SWOT Observations in an Ocean Analysis–Forecasting System. Monthly Weather Review, 144, 3767-3782, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-15-0361.1

Castellanos, P., E. J. D. Campos, I. Giddy, and W. Santis, 2016: Inter-comparison studies between high-resolution HYCOM simulation and observational data: The South Atlantic and the Agulhas leakage system. Journal of Marine Systems, 159, 76-88, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.02.010

Cerovečki, I. and D. Giglio, 2016: North Pacific Subtropical Mode Water Volume Decrease in 2006–09 Estimated from Argo Observations: Influence of Surface Formation and Basin-Scale Oceanic Variability. Journal of Climate, 29, 2177-2199, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0179.1

Cerovečki, I. and M. R. Mazloff, 2016: The Spatiotemporal Structure of Diabatic Processes Governing the Evolution of Subantarctic Mode Water in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 683-710, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0243.1

Chakraborty, A. and A. Gangopadhyay, 2016: Development of a High-Resolution Multiscale Modeling and Prediction System for the Bay of Bengal, Part I: Climatology-Based Simulations. Open Journal of Marine Science, 6, 145-176, http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojms.2016.61013

Chen, C., B. Lei, Y.-L. Ma, and R. Duan, 2016: Investigating sound speed profile assimilation: An experiment in the Philippine Sea. Ocean Engineering, 124, 135-140, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2016.07.062

Chen, G. and X. Wang, 2016: Vertical Structure of Upper-Ocean Seasonality: Annual and Semiannual Cycles with Oceanographic Implications. Journal of Climate, 29, 37-59, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00855.1

Chen, G., X. Wang, and C. Qian, 2016: Vertical Structure of Upper-Ocean Seasonality: Extratropical Spiral versus Tropical Phase Lock. Journal of Climate, 29, 4021-4030, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0805.1

Chen, H., X. Yin, Y. Bao, and F. Qiao, 2016: Ocean satellite data assimilation experiments in FIO-ESM using ensemble adjustment Kalman filter. Science China Earth Sciences, 59, 484-494, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11430-015-5187-2

Cheng, L., K. E. Trenberth, M. D. Palmer, J. Zhu, and J. P. Abraham, 2016: Observed and simulated full-depth ocean heat-content changes for 1970–2005. Ocean Science, 12, 925-935, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-925-2016

Cheng, L. and J. Zhu, 2016: Benefits of CMIP5 Multimodel Ensemble in Reconstructing Historical Ocean Subsurface Temperature Variations. Journal of Climate, 29, 5393-5416, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0730.1

Cheng, Y., D. Putrasahan, L. Beal, and B. Kirtman, 2016: Quantifying Agulhas Leakage in a High-Resolution Climate Model. Journal of Climate, 29, 6881-6892, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0568.1

Chi, J., P. Shi, W. Zhuang, X. Lin, X. Cheng, and Y. Du, 2016: Heat budget of the western Pacific warm pool and the contribution of eddy heat transport diagnosed from HYCOM assimilation. Journal of Oceanography, 1-11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-016-0396-7

Chiswell, S. M., 2016: Mean Velocity Decomposition and Vertical Eddy Diffusivity of the Pacific Ocean from Surface GDP Drifters and 1000-m Argo Floats. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1751-1768, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0189.1

Chowdary, J. S., G. Srinivas, T. S. Fousiya, A. Parekh, C. Gnanaseelan, H. Seo, and J. MacKinnon, 2016: Representation of Bay of Bengal upper-ocean salinity in general circulation models. Oceanography, 29, 38-49, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.37

Ciuffardi, T., E. Napolitano, R. Iacono, F. Reseghetti, G. Raiteri, and A. Bordone, 2016: Analysis of surface circulation structures along a frequently repeated XBT transect crossing the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas. Ocean Dynamics, 66, 767-783, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-016-0954-y

Corbett, C. M. and B. Subrahmanyam, 2016: Validation of Satellite-Derived Salinity in the Equatorial Pacific With Specific Emphasis on the 2014-15 ENSO Event. Ieee Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 13, 1979-1983, https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2016.2619980

Cornejo D’Ottone, M., L. Bravo, M. Ramos, O. Pizarro, J. Karstensen, M. Gallegos, M. Correa-Ramirez, N. Silva, L. Farias, and L. Karp-Boss, 2016: Biogeochemical characteristics of a long-lived anticyclonic eddy in the eastern South Pacific Ocean. Biogeosciences, 13, 2971-2979, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-2971-2016

Cornuelle, B., G. Gopalakrishnan, M. Mazloff, P. F. Worcester, and M. A. Dzieciuch, 2016: Ray travel times in the northern Philippine Sea circulation from state estimates. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 139, 2026-2026, http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4949976

Cummins, P. F., D. Masson, and O. A. Saenko, 2016: Vertical heat flux in the ocean: Estimates from observations and from a coupled general circulation model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 3790-3802, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011647

 Cyr, F., H. van Haren, F. Mienis, G. Duineveld, and D. Bourgault, 2016: On the influence of cold-water coral mound size on flow hydrodynamics, and vice versa. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 775-783, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL067038

da Rocha Fragoso, M., G. V. de Carvalho, F. L. M. Soares, D. G. Faller, L. P. de Freitas Assad, R. Toste, L. M. B. Sancho, E. N. Passos, C. S. Böck, B. Reis, L. Landau, H. G. Arango, and A. M. Moore, 2016: A 4D-variational ocean data assimilation application for Santos Basin, Brazil. Ocean Dynamics, 66, 419-434, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-016-0931-5

D’Addezio, J. M. and B. Subrahmanyam, 2016: Sea surface salinity variability in the Agulhas Current region inferred from SMOS and Aquarius. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 440-452, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.006

D’Addezio, J. M. and B. Subrahmanyam, 2016: The role of salinity on the interannual variability of the Seychelles-Chagos thermocline ridge. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 178-192, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.051

 Dall’Olmo, G., J. Dingle, L. Polimene, R. J. W. Brewin, and H. Claustre, 2016: Substantial energy input to the mesopelagic ecosystem from the seasonal mixed-layer pump. Nature Geosci, 9, 820-823, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2818

Damerell, G. M., K. J. Heywood, A. F. Thompson, U. Binetti, and J. Kaiser, 2016: The vertical structure of upper ocean variability at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain during 2012–2013. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 3075-3089, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011423

Danabasoglu, G., S. G. Yeager, W. M. Kim, E. Behrens, M. Bentsen, D. Bi, A. Biastoch, R. Bleck, C. Böning, A. Bozec, V. M. Canuto, C. Cassou, E. Chassignet, A. C. Coward, S. Danilov, N. Diansky, H. Drange, R. Farneti, E. Fernandez, P. G. Fogli, G. Forget, Y. Fujii, S. M. Griffies, A. Gusev, P. Heimbach, A. Howard, M. Ilicak, T. Jung, A. R. Karspeck, M. Kelley, W. G. Large, A. Leboissetier, J. Lu, G. Madec, S. J. Marsland, S. Masina, A. Navarra, A. J. G. Nurser, A. Pirani, A. Romanou, D. Salas y Mélia, B. L. Samuels, M. Scheinert, D. Sidorenko, S. Sun, A.-M. Treguier, H. Tsujino, P. Uotila, S. Valcke, A. Voldoire, Q. Wang, and I. Yashayaev, 2016: North Atlantic simulations in Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments phase II (CORE-II). Part II: Inter-annual to decadal variability. Ocean Modelling, 97, 65-90, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.11.007

Dandapat, S. and A. Chakraborty, 2016: Mesoscale Eddies in the Western Bay of Bengal as Observed From Satellite Altimetry in 1993-2014: Statistical Characteristics, Variability and Three-Dimensional Properties. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 9, 5044-5054, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSTARS.2016.2585179

de Jong, M. F. and L. de Steur, 2016: Strong winter cooling over the Irminger Sea in winter 2014-2015, exceptional deep convection, and the emergence of anomalously low SST. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 7106-7113, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069596

de Lavergne, C., G. Madec, X. Capet, G. Maze, and F. Roquet, 2016: Getting to the bottom of the ocean. Nature Geosci, 9, 857-858, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2850

Declerck, A., Y. Ourmières, and A. Molcard, 2016: Assessment of the coastal dynamics in a nested zoom and feedback on the boundary current: the North-Western Mediterranean Sea case. Ocean Dynamics, 66, 1529-1542, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-016-0985-4

Deng, Z. a., G. Wei, T. Yu, H. Wei, L. Kang, and L. Han, 2016: The diapycnal mixing in the upper Pacific estimated from GTSPP observations. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 35, 46-52, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13131-016-0795-z

Desbruyères, D., E. L. McDonagh, and B. A. King, 2016: Observational Advances in Estimates of Oceanic Heating. Current Climate Change Reports, 1-8, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40641-016-0037-7

Dolinar, E. K., X. Dong, and B. Xi, 2016: Evaluation and intercomparison of clouds, precipitation, and radiation budgets in recent reanalyses using satellite-surface observations. Climate Dynamics, 46, 2123-2144, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2693-z

Dong, D., X. Yang, X. Li, and Z. Li, 2016: SAR Observation of Eddy-Induced Mode-2 Internal Solitary Waves in the South China Sea. Ieee Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 54, 6674-6686, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2016.2587752

Donohue, K. A., D. R. Watts, P. Hamilton, R. Leben, M. Kennelly, and A. Lugo-Fernández, 2016: Gulf of Mexico Loop Current path variability. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 76, Part 2, 174-194, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2015.12.003

Donohue, S. M. and M. W. Stacey, 2016: Simulation of the 2014 Anomalous Warming in the Northeast Pacific. Atmosphere-Ocean, 54, 457-468, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07055900.2016.1197096

Droghei, R., B. B. Nardelli, and R. Santoleri, 2016: Combining In Situ and Satellite Observations to Retrieve Salinity and Density at the Ocean Surface. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33, 1211-1223, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0194.1

 Drucker, R. and S. C. Riser, 2016: In situ phase-domain calibration of oxygen Optodes on profiling floats. Methods in Oceanography, 17, 296-318, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mio.2016.09.007

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Nan, F., F. Yu, H. Xue, L. Zeng, D. Wang, S. Yang, and K.-C. Nguyen, 2016: Freshening of the upper ocean in the South China Sea since the early 1990s. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 118, 20-29, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.10.010

Neveu, E., A. M. Moore, C. A. Edwards, J. Fiechter, P. Drake, W. J. Crawford, M. G. Jacox, and E. Nuss, 2016: An historical analysis of the California Current circulation using ROMS 4D-Var: System configuration and diagnostics. Ocean Modelling, 99, 133-151, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.11.012

Nicholson, S.-A., M. Lévy, J. Llort, S. Swart, and P. M. S. Monteiro, 2016: Investigation into the impact of storms on sustaining summer primary productivity in the Sub-Antarctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 9192-9199, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069973

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Noh, Y., H. Ok, E. Lee, T. Toyoda, and N. Hirose, 2016: Parameterization of Langmuir Circulation in the Ocean Mixed Layer Model Using LES and Its Application to the OGCM. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 57-78, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0137.1

Nyadjro, E. S. and B. Subrahmanyam, 2016: Spatial and temporal variability of central Indian Ocean salinity fronts observed by SMOS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 146-153, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.049

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O’Kane, T. J., D. P. Monselesan, and C. Maes, 2016: On the stability and spatiotemporal variance distribution of salinity in the upper ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4128-4148, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011523

Oke, P. R., R. Proctor, U. Rosebrock, R. Brinkman, M. L. Cahill, I. Coghlan, P. Divakaran, J. Freeman, C. Pattiaratchi, M. Roughan, P. A. Sandery, A. Schaeffer, and S. Wijeratne, 2016: The Marine Virtual Laboratory (version 2.1): enabling efficient ocean model configuration. Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 3297-3307, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3297-2016

Olmedo, E., J. Martínez, M. Umbert, N. Hoareau, M. Portabella, J. Ballabrera-Poy, and A. Turiel, 2016: Improving time and space resolution of SMOS salinity maps using multifractal fusion. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 246-263, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.038

 Organelli, E., H. Claustre, A. Bricaud, C. Schmechtig, A. Poteau, X. Xing, L. Prieur, F. D’Ortenzio, G. Dall’Olmo, and V. Vellucci, 2016: A Novel Near-Real-Time Quality-Control Procedure for Radiometric Profiles Measured by Bio-Argo Floats: Protocols and Performances. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33, 937-951, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0193.1

Pallàs-Sanz, E., J. Candela, J. Sheinbaum, J. Ochoa, and J. Jouanno, 2016: Trapping of the near-inertial wave wakes of two consecutive hurricanes in the Loop Current. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 7431-7454, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011592

Palmer, M. D., S. Wijffels, and J. C. Church, 2016: Ocean heat content increase reveals unabated global warming. WMO Statement on the Status of the Global Climate in 2015, World Meteorological Organization, http://library.wmo.int/pmb_ged/wmo_1167_en.pdf.

Palter, J. B., C.-A. Caron, K. L. Law, J. K. Willis, D. S. Trossman, I. M. Yashayaev, and D. Gilbert, 2016: Variability of the directly observed, middepth subpolar North Atlantic circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 2700-2708, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL067235

Parker, A. and C. D. Ollier, 2016: There is no real evidence for a diminishing trend of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Journal of Ocean Engineering and Science, 1, 30-35, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joes.2015.12.007

Pelland, N. A., C. C. Eriksen, and M. F. Cronin, 2016: Seaglider surveys at Ocean Station Papa: Circulation and water mass properties in a meander of the North Pacific Current. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 6816-6846, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011920

Pidcock, R. E. M., A. P. Martin, S. C. Painter, J. T. Allen, M. A. Srokosz, A. Forryan, M. Stinchcombe, and D. A. Smeed, 2016: Quantifying mesoscale-driven nitrate supply: A case study. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 1206-1223, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GB005383

Piecuch, C. G. and K. J. Quinn, 2016: El Niño, La Niña, and the global sea level budget. Ocean Science, 12, 1165-1177, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-1165-2016

Piontkovski, S. A. and B. Y. Queste, 2016: Decadal changes of the Western Arabian sea ecosystem. International Aquatic Research, 8, 49-64, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40071-016-0124-3

Piron, A., V. Thierry, H. Mercier, and G. Caniaux, 2016: Argo float observations of basin-scale deep convection in the Irminger sea during winter 2011–2012. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 109, 76-90, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.12.012

Pisano, A., B. Buongiorno Nardelli, C. Tronconi, and R. Santoleri, 2016: The new Mediterranean optimally interpolated pathfinder AVHRR SST Dataset (1982–2012). Remote Sensing of Environment, 176, 107-116, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.01.019

 Plant, J. N., K. S. Johnson, C. M. Sakamoto, H. W. Jannasch, L. J. Coletti, S. C. Riser, and D. D. Swift, 2016: Net community production at Ocean Station Papa observed with nitrate and oxygen sensors on profiling floats. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 859-879, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005349

Pookkandy, B., D. Dommenget, N. Klingaman, S. Wales, C. Chung, C. Frauen, and H. Wolff, 2016: The role of local atmospheric forcing on the modulation of the ocean mixed layer depth in reanalyses and a coupled single column ocean model. Climate Dynamics, 47, 2991-3010, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3009-7

Prants, S. V., 2016: A Lagrangian study of eddies in the ocean. Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 21, 335-350, http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1560354716030060

Prants, S. V., V. B. Lobanov, M. V. Budyansky, and M. Y. Uleysky, 2016: Lagrangian analysis of formation, structure, evolution and splitting of anticyclonic Kuril eddies. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 109, 61-75, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.01.003

Pujol, M. I., Y. Faugère, G. Taburet, S. Dupuy, C. Pelloquin, M. Ablain, and N. Picot, 2016: DUACS DT2014: the new multi-mission altimeter data set reprocessed over 20 years. Ocean Science, 12, 1067-1090, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-1067-2016

Pun, I.-F., J. F. Price, and S. R. Jayne, 2016: Satellite-Derived Ocean Thermal Structure for the North Atlantic Hurricane Season. Monthly Weather Review, 144, 877-896, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-15-0275.1

Qian, J.-g. and Y.-l. Han, 2016: A New Method to Obtain Deep Ocean Current Velocity from Argo Floats. International Conference on Oriental Thinking and Fuzzy Logic: Celebration of the 50th Anniversary in the era of Complex Systems and Big Data, B.-Y. Cao, P.-Z. Wang, Z.-L. Liu, and Y.-B. Zhong, Eds., Springer International Publishing, 519-531, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30874-6_48.

Qin, H., R. X. Huang, W. Wang, and H. Xue, 2016: Regulation of South China Sea throughflow by pressure difference. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4077-4096, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011177

Qiu, C., J. Chen, M. Shangguan, and H. Mao, 2016: Seasonal variations of sea level anomaly in the subtropical front zone based on satellite-derived data from 2003–2009. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 19, 270-275, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14634988.2016.1210451

Qu, T., L. Zhang, and N. Schneider, 2016: North Atlantic Subtropical Underwater and Its Year-to-Year Variability in Annual Subduction Rate during the Argo Period. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1901-1916, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0246.1

Querin, S., M. Bensi, V. Cardin, C. Solidoro, S. Bacer, L. Mariotti, F. Stel, and V. Malačič, 2016: Saw-tooth modulation of the deep-water thermohaline properties in the southern Adriatic Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4585-4600, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011522

 Raes, E. J., L. Bodrossy, J. Van de Kamp, B. Holmes, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, P. A. Thompson, A. S. McInnes, and A. M. Waite, 2016: Reduction of the Powerful Greenhouse Gas N2O in the South-Eastern Indian Ocean. PLoS ONE, 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145996

Raj, R. P., J. A. Johannessen, T. Eldevik, J. E. Ø. Nilsen, and I. Halo, 2016: Quantifying mesoscale eddies in the Lofoten Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4503-4521, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011637

Renault, L., M. J. Molemaker, J. Gula, S. Masson, and J. C. McWilliams, 2016: Control and Stabilization of the Gulf Stream by Oceanic Current Interaction with the Atmosphere. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 3439-3453, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0115.1

Riser, S. C., H. J. Freeland, D. Roemmich, S. Wijffels, A. Troisi, M. Belbeoch, D. Gilbert, J. Xu, S. Pouliquen, A. Thresher, P.-Y. Le Traon, G. Maze, B. Klein, M. Ravichandran, F. Grant, P.-M. Poulain, T. Suga, B. Lim, A. Sterl, P. Sutton, K.-A. Mork, P. J. Velez-Belchi, I. Ansorge, B. King, J. Turton, M. Baringer, and S. R. Jayne, 2016: Fifteen years of ocean observations with the global Argo array. Nature Clim. Change, 6, 145-153, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2872

Roach, C. J., D. Balwada, and K. Speer, 2016: Horizontal mixing in the Southern Ocean from Argo float trajectories. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 5570-5586, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011440

Roberts-Jones, J., K. Bovis, M. J. Martin, and A. McLaren, 2016: Estimating background error covariance parameters and assessing their impact in the OSTIA system. Remote Sensing of Environment, 176, 117-138, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.12.006

Rocha, C. B., T. K. Chereskin, S. T. Gille, and D. Menemenlis, 2016: Mesoscale to Submesoscale Wavenumber Spectra in Drake Passage. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 601-620, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0087.1

Rocha, C. B., S. T. Gille, T. K. Chereskin, and D. Menemenlis, 2016: Seasonality of submesoscale dynamics in the Kuroshio Extension. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 11,304-11,311, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL071349

Rodriguez, A. R., M. R. Mazloff, and S. T. Gille, 2016: An oceanic heat transport pathway to the Amundsen Sea Embayment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 3337-3349, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011402

Rodríguez-Cabello, C., C. González-Pola, and F. Sánchez, 2016: Migration and diving behavior of Centrophorus squamosus in the NE Atlantic. Combining electronic tagging and Argo hydrography to infer deep ocean trajectories. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 115, 48-62, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.05.009

Roemmich, D., J. Gilson, P. Sutton, and N. Zilberman, 2016: Multidecadal Change of the South Pacific Gyre Circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1871-1883, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0237.1

Rosburg, K. C., K. A. Donohue, and E. P. Chassignet, 2016: Three-dimensional model-observation comparison in the Loop Current region. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 76, Part 2, 283-305, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2016.05.001

 Rousselet, L., A. M. Doglioli, C. Maes, B. Blanke, and A. A. Petrenko, 2016: Impacts of mesoscale activity on the water masses and circulation in the Coral Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 7277-7289, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011861

Roxy, M. K., A. Modi, R. Murtugudde, V. Valsala, S. Panickal, S. Prasanna Kumar, M. Ravichandran, M. Vichi, and M. Lévy, 2016: A reduction in marine primary productivity driven by rapid warming over the tropical Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 826-833, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL066979

Ryan, S., M. Schröder, O. Huhn, and R. Timmermann, 2016: On the warm inflow at the eastern boundary of the Weddell Gyre. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 107, 70-81, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.11.002

Sagen, H., B. D. Dushaw, E. K. Skarsoulis, D. Dumont, M. A. Dzieciuch, and A. Beszczynska-Möller, 2016: Time series of temperature in Fram Strait determined from the 2008–2009 DAMOCLES acoustic tomography measurements and an ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4601-4617, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011591

Sala, I., C. S. Harrison, and R. M. A. Caldeira, 2016: The role of the Azores Archipelago in capturing and retaining incoming particles. Journal of Marine Systems, 154, Part B, 146-156, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.10.001

Salehipour, H., W. R. Peltier, C. B. Whalen, and J. A. MacKinnon, 2016: A new characterization of the turbulent diapycnal diffusivities of mass and momentum in the ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3370-3379, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068184

Sallée, J.-B., M. Mazloff, M. P. Meredith, C. W. Hughes, S. Rintoul, R. Gomez, N. Metzl, C. L. Monaco, S. Schmidtko, M. M. Mata, A. Wåhlin, S. Swart, M. J. M. Williams, A. C. Naveria-Garabata, and P. Monteiro, 2016: Antarctica: Southern Ocean, In State of the Climate in 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, S166 – S168, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Santos-Garcia, A., M. M. Jacob, and W. L. Jones, 2016: SMOS Near-Surface Salinity Stratification Under Rainy Conditions. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 9, 2493-2499, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSTARS.2016.2527038

Sarkisyan, A. S., 2016: Main directions in the simulation of physical characteristics of the World Ocean and seas. Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 52, 335-340, http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0001433816040101

Sarkisyan, A. S., O. P. Nikitin, and K. V. Lebedev, 2016: Physical characteristics of the Gulf Stream as an indicator of the quality of large-scale circulation modeling. Doklady Earth Sciences, 471, 1288-1291, http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1028334X16120138

 Sauzède, R., H. Claustre, J. Uitz, C. Jamet, G. Dall’Olmo, F. D’Ortenzio, B. Gentili, A. Poteau, and C. Schmechtig, 2016: A neural network-based method for merging ocean color and Argo data to extend surface bio-optical properties to depth: Retrieval of the particulate backscattering coefficient. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 2552-2571, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011408

Schabetsberger, R., M. J. Miller, G. Dall’Olmo, R. Kaiser, F. Økland, S. Watanabe, K. Aarestrup, and K. Tsukamoto, 2016: Hydrographic features of anguillid spawning areas: potential signposts for migrating eels. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 554, 141-155, http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps11824

Schulze, L. M., R. S. Pickart, and G. W. K. Moore, 2016: Atmospheric forcing during active convection in the Labrador Sea and its impact on mixed-layer depth. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 6978-6992, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011607

Schütte, F., P. Brandt, and J. Karstensen, 2016: Occurrence and characteristics of mesoscale eddies in the tropical northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Ocean Science, 12, 663-685, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-12-663-2016

 Schütte, F., J. Karstensen, G. Krahmann, H. Hauss, B. Fiedler, P. Brandt, M. Visbeck, and A. Körtzinger, 2016: Characterization of “dead-zone” eddies in the eastern tropical North Atlantic. Biogeosciences, 13, 5865-5881, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-5865-2016

Sedigh Marvasti, S., A. Gnanadesikan, A. A. Bidokhti, J. P. Dunne, and S. Ghader, 2016: Challenges in modeling spatiotemporally varying phytoplankton blooms in the Northwestern Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman. Biogeosciences, 13, 1049-1069, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-1049-2016

Sharma, R., N. agarwal, A. Chakraborty, S. Mallick, J. Buckley, V. Shesu, and A. Tandon, 2016: Large-scale air-sea coupling processes in the Bay of Bengal using space-borne observations. Oceanography, 29, 192-201, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.51

Siedlecki, S. A., I. C. Kaplan, A. J. Hermann, T. T. Nguyen, N. A. Bond, J. A. Newton, G. D. Williams, W. T. Peterson, S. R. Alin, and R. A. Feely, 2016: Experiments with Seasonal Forecasts of ocean conditions for the Northern region of the California Current upwelling system. Scientific Reports, 6, 27203, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep27203

Siswanto, E., M. C. Honda, K. Matsumoto, Y. Sasai, T. Fujiki, K. Sasaoka, and T. Saino, 2016: Sixteen-year phytoplankton biomass trends in the northwestern Pacific Ocean observed by the SeaWiFS and MODIS ocean color sensors. Journal of Oceanography, 72, 479-489, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-016-0357-1

Siswanto, E., M. C. Honda, Y. Sasai, K. Sasaoka, and T. Saino, 2016: Meridional and seasonal footprints of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation on phytoplankton biomass in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Journal of Oceanography, 72, 465-477, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-016-0367-z

Smith, G. C., F. Roy, M. Reszka, D. Surcel Colan, Z. He, D. Deacu, J.-M. Belanger, S. Skachko, Y. Liu, F. Dupont, J.-F. Lemieux, C. Beaudoin, B. Tranchant, M. Drévillon, G. Garric, C.-E. Testut, J.-M. Lellouche, P. Pellerin, H. Ritchie, Y. Lu, F. Davidson, M. Buehner, A. Caya, and M. Lajoie, 2016: Sea ice forecast verification in the Canadian Global Ice Ocean Prediction System. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142, 659-671, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qj.2555

Sokolovskiy, M. A., X. J. Carton, B. N. Filyushkin, and O. I. Yakovenko, 2016: Interaction between a surface jet and subsurface vortices in a three-layer quasi-geostrophic model. Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 110, 201-223, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03091929.2016.1164148

Somavilla, R., C. González-Pola, U. Schauer, and G. Budéus, 2016: Mid-2000s North Atlantic shift: Heat budget and circulation changes. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 2059-2068, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL067254

Song, H., C. A. Edwards, A. M. Moore, and J. Fiechter, 2016: Data assimilation in a coupled physical-biogeochemical model of the California Current System using an incremental lognormal 4-dimensional variational approach: Part 2—Joint physical and biological data assimilation twin experiments. Ocean Modelling, 106, 146-158, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.09.003

Soppa, M. A., C. Völker, and A. Bracher, 2016: Diatom Phenology in the Southern Ocean: Mean Patterns, Trends and the Role of Climate Oscillations. Remote Sensing, 8, 420, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs8050420

Stabeno, P. J., N. A. Bond, N. B. Kachel, C. Ladd, C. W. Mordy, and S. L. Strom, 2016: Southeast Alaskan shelf from southern tip of Baranof Island to Kayak Island: Currents, mixing and chlorophyll-a. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 132, 6-23, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.06.018

Stammer, D., M. Balmaseda, P. Heimbach, A. Kohl, and A. Weaver, 2016: Ocean Data Assimilation in Support of Climate Applications: Status and Perspectives. Annual Review of Marine Science, 8, http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034113

Stanev, E. V., J. Schulz-Stellenfleth, J. Staneva, S. Grayek, S. Grashorn, A. Behrens, W. Koch, and J. Pein, 2016: Ocean forecasting for the German Bight: from regional to coastal scales. Ocean Science, 12, 1105-1136, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-1105-2016

Stendardo, I., M. Rhein, and R. Hollmann, 2016: A high resolution salinity time series 1993–2012 in the North Atlantic from Argo and Altimeter data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 2523-2551, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011439

Stepanov, V. N., D. Iovino, S. Masina, A. Storto, and A. Cipollone, 2016: The impact of horizontal resolution of density field on the calculation of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 34°S. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4323-4340, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011505

Stepanov, V. N., D. Iovino, S. Masina, A. Storto, and A. Cipollone, 2016: Observed and simulated variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 41°N. Journal of Marine Systems, 164, 42-52, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.08.004

Stephens, G. L., M. Z. Hakuba, M. Hawcroft, J. M. Haywood, A. Behrangi, J. E. Kay, and P. J. Webster, 2016: The Curious Nature of the Hemispheric Symmetry of the Earth’s Water and Energy Balances. Current Climate Change Reports, 2, 135-147, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40641-016-0043-9

Stewart, K. D. and T. W. N. Haine, 2016: Thermobaricity in the Transition Zones between Alpha and Beta Oceans. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1805-1821, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0017.1

Storto, A., 2016: Variational quality control of hydrographic profile data with non-Gaussian errors for global ocean variational data assimilation systems. Ocean Modelling, 104, 226-241, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.06.011

Storto, A., C. Yang, and S. Masina, 2016: Sensitivity of global ocean heat content from reanalyses to the atmospheric reanalysis forcing: A comparative study. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 5261-5270, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068605

 Stramma, L., R. Czeschel, T. Tanhua, P. Brandt, M. Visbeck, and B. S. Giese, 2016: The flow field of the upper hypoxic eastern tropical North Atlantic oxygen minimum zone. Ocean Science, 12, 153-167, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-12-153-2016

Sugimoto, S. and S. i. Kako, 2016: Decadal Variation in Winter Mixed Layer Depth South of the Kuroshio Extension and Its Influence on Winter Mixed Layer Temperature. Journal of Climate, 29, 1237-1252, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0206.1

Sun, C. and X. Ma, 2016: Estimating thermohaline variability of the equatorial Pacific Ocean from satellite altimetry. Science China Earth Sciences, 59, 2213-2222, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11430-016-0048-2

Sun, R., G. Wang, and C. Chen, 2016: The Kuroshio bifurcation associated with islands at the Luzon Strait. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 5768-5774, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069652

Syamsuddin, M., S.-I. Saitoh, T. Hirawake, F. Syamsudin, and M. Zainuddin, 2016: Interannual variation of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) hotspots in the eastern Indian Ocean off Java. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 1-14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2015.1136451

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Tanajura, C. A. S., L. N. Lima, and K. Belyaev, 2016: Impact on oceanic dynamics from assimilation of satellite surface height anomaly data into the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model Ocean Model (HYCOM) over the Atlantic Ocean. Oceanology, 56, 509-514, http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S000143701603022X

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Tel, E., R. Balbin, J. M. Cabanas, M. J. Garcia, M. C. Garcia-Martinez, C. Gonzalez-Pola, A. Lavin, J. L. Lopez-Jurado, C. Rodriguez, M. Ruiz-Villarreal, R. F. Sánchez-Leal, M. Vargas-Yáñez, and P. Vélez-Belchí, 2016: IEOOS: the Spanish Institute of Oceanography Observing System. Ocean Science, 12, 345-353, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-12-345-2016

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Turuncoglu, U. U. and G. Sannino, 2016: Validation of newly designed regional earth system model (RegESM) for Mediterranean Basin. Climate Dynamics, 1-29, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3241-1

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 Westberry, T. K., P. Schultz, M. J. Behrenfeld, J. P. Dunne, M. R. Hiscock, S. Maritorena, J. L. Sarmiento, and D. A. Siegel, 2016: Annual cycles of phytoplankton biomass in the subarctic Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 175-190, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005276

Westerlund, A. and L. Tuomi, 2016: Vertical temperature dynamics in the Northern Baltic Sea based on 3D modelling and data from shallow-water Argo floats. Journal of Marine Systems, 158, 34-44, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.01.006

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 Williams, N. L., L. W. Juranek, K. S. Johnson, R. A. Feely, S. C. Riser, L. D. Talley, J. L. Russell, J. L. Sarmiento, and R. Wanninkhof, 2016: Empirical algorithms to estimate water column pH in the Southern Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3415-3422, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068539

Wilson, E. A. and S. C. Riser, 2016: An Assessment of the Seasonal Salinity Budget for the Upper Bay of Bengal. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 1361-1376, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0147.1

Wu, G., F. Zhai, and D. Hu, 2016: Interannual variations of North Equatorial Current transport in the Pacific Ocean during two types of El Niño. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 34, 585-596, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00343-015-4352-y

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Xiao, J., Q. Xie, D. Wang, L. Yang, Y. Shu, C. Liu, J. Chen, J. Yao, and G. Chen, 2016: On the near-inertial variations of meridional overturning circulation in the South China Sea. Ocean Science, 12, 335-344, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-12-335-2016

Xu, F. and A. Ignatov, 2016: Error characterization in iQuam SSTs using triple collocations with satellite measurements. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 10,826-10,834, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL070287

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Yan, X.-H., T. Boyer, K. Trenberth, T. R. Karl, S.-P. Xie, V. Nieves, K.-K. Tung, and D. Roemmich, 2016: The global warming hiatus: Slowdown or redistribution? Earth’s Future, 4, 472-482, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016EF000417

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Yang, L. and D. Yuan, 2016: Absolute geostrophic currents in global tropical oceans. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 34, 1383-1393, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00343-016-5092-3

Yang, L. and D. Yuan, 2016: Heat and salt transport throughout the North Pacific Ocean. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 34, 1347-1357, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00343-016-5125-y

Yashayaev, I. and J. W. Loder, 2016: Recurrent replenishment of Labrador Sea Water and associated decadal-scale variability. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 8095-8114, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC012046

Yasunaka, S., T. Ono, Y. Nojiri, F. A. Whitney, C. Wada, A. Murata, S. Nakaoka, and S. Hosoda, 2016: Long-term variability of surface nutrient concentrations in the North Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3389-3397, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068097

Yin, X., J. Boutin, E. Dinnat, Q. Song, and A. Martin, 2016: Roughness and foam signature on SMOS-MIRAS brightness temperatures: A semi-theoretical approach. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 221-233, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.005

Zeng, L., D. Wang, J. Chen, W. Wang, and R. Chen, 2016: SCSPOD14, a South China Sea physical oceanographic dataset derived from in situ measurements during 1919–2014. Scientific Data, 3, 160029, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.29

Zhang, N., M. Feng, Y. Du, J. Lan, and S. E. Wijffels, 2016: Seasonal and interannual variations of mixed layer salinity in the southeast tropical Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4716-4731, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011854

Zhang, R., S.-P. Xie, L. Xu, and Q. Liu, 2016: Changes in mixed layer depth and spring bloom in the Kuroshio extension under global warming. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 33, 452-461, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00376-015-5113-8

Zhang, Y., C. Chen, R. C. Beardsley, G. Gao, Z. Lai, B. Curry, C. M. Lee, H. Lin, J. Qi, and Q. Xu, 2016: Studies of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago water transport and its relationship to basin-local forcings: Results from AO-FVCOM. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 4392-4415, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011634

Zhang, Y., Y. Du, and T. Qu, 2016: A sea surface salinity dipole mode in the tropical Indian Ocean. Climate Dynamics, 1-13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-2984-z

Zhang, Z., J. Tian, B. Qiu, W. Zhao, P. Chang, D. Wu, and X. Wan, 2016: Observed 3D Structure, Generation, and Dissipation of Oceanic Mesoscale Eddies in the South China Sea. Scientific Reports, 6, 24349, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep24349

Zhao, H., C. Li, H. Li, K. Lv, and Q. Zhao, 2016: Retrieve sea surface salinity using principal component regression model based on SMOS satellite data. Journal of Ocean University of China, 15, 399-406, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-016-2817-z

Zhao, M., H. H. Hendon, Y. Yin, and O. Alves, 2016: Variations of Upper-Ocean Salinity Associated with ENSO from PEODAS Reanalyses. Journal of Climate, 29, 2077-2094, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0650.1

Zhao, Z., 2016: Using CryoSat-2 altimeter data to evaluate M2 internal tides observed from multisatellite altimetry. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, 5164-5180, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011805

Zhao, Z., 2016: Internal tide oceanic tomography. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 9157-9164, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL070567

Zhao, Y., C. Zhao, R. Sun, and Z. Wang, 2016: A Multiple Linear Regression Model for Tropical Cyclone Intensity Estimation from Satellite Infrared Images. Atmosphere, 7, 40, https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos7030040

Zhi, H., R.-H. Zhang, F. Zheng, P. Lin, L. Wang, and P. Yu, 2016: Assessment of interannual sea surface salinity variability and its effects on the barrier layer in the equatorial Pacific using BNU-ESM. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 33, 339-351, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00376-015-5163-y

Zhou, W., M. Chen, W. Zhuang, F. Xu, F. Zheng, T. Wu, and X. Wang, 2016: Evaluation of the tropical variability from the Beijing Climate Center’s real-time operational global Ocean Data Assimilation System. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 33, 208-220, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00376-015-4282-9

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Abernathey, R. and C. Wortham, 2015: Phase Speed Cross Spectra of Eddy Heat Fluxes in the Eastern Pacific. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 1285-1301, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0160.1

Ablain, M., A. Cazenave, G. Larnicol, M. Balmaseda, P. Cipollini, Y. Faugère, M. J. Fernandes, O. Henry, J. A. Johannessen, P. Knudsen, O. Andersen, J. Legeais, B. Meyssignac, N. Picot, M. Roca, S. Rudenko, M. G. Scharffenberg, D. Stammer, G. Timms, and J. Benveniste, 2015: Improved sea level record over the satellite altimetry era (1993–2010) from the Climate Change Initiative project. Ocean Science, 11, 67-82, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-67-2015

Alory, G., T. Delcroix, P. Téchiné, D. Diverrès, D. Varillon, S. Cravatte, Y. Gouriou, J. Grelet, S. Jacquin, E. Kestenare, C. Maes, R. Morrow, J. Perrier, G. Reverdin, and F. Roubaud, 2015: The French contribution to the voluntary observing ships network of sea surface salinity. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 105, 1-18, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.08.005

Amaya, D. J., S.-P. Xie, A. J. Miller, and M. J. McPhaden, 2015: Seasonality of tropical Pacific decadal trends associated with the 21st century global warming hiatus. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 6782-6798, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010906

André, X., B. Moreau, and S. Le Reste, 2015: Argos-3 Satellite Communication System: Implementation on the Arvor Oceanographic Profiling Floats. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 1902-1914, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00219.1

Anilkumar, N., J. V. George, R. Chacko, N. Nuncio, and P. Sabu, 2015: Variability of fronts, fresh water input and chlorophyll in the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 49, 20-40, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00288330.2014.924972

Ansorge, I. J., J. M. Jackson, K. Reid, J. V. Durgadoo, S. Swart, and S. Eberenz, 2015: Evidence of a southward eddy corridor in the South-West Indian ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 119, 69-76, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.05.012

Aoki, S., G. Mizuta, H. Sasaki, Y. Sasai, S. Rintoul, and N. Bindoff, 2015: Atlantic–Pacific asymmetry of subsurface temperature change and frontal response of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current for the recent three decades. Journal of Oceanography, 71, 623-636, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-015-0284-6

Ascani, F., E. Firing, J. P. McCreary, P. Brandt, and R. J. Greatbatch, 2015: The Deep Equatorial Ocean Circulation in Wind-Forced Numerical Solutions. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 1709-1734, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0171.1

Azevedo Correia de Souza, J. M., B. Powell, A. C. Castillo-Trujillo, and P. Flament, 2015: The Vorticity Balance of the Ocean Surface in Hawaii from a Regional Reanalysis. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 424-440, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0074.1

Balaguru, K., G. R. Foltz, L. R. Leung, E. D. Asaro, K. A. Emanuel, H. Liu, and S. E. Zedler, 2015: Dynamic Potential Intensity: An improved representation of the ocean’s impact on tropical cyclones. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 6739-6746, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL064822

Balmaseda, M. A., F. Hernandez, A. Storto, M. D. Palmer, O. Alves, L. Shi, G. C. Smith, T. Toyoda, M. Valdivieso, B. Barnier, D. Behringer, T. Boyer, Y. S. Chang, G. A. Chepurin, N. Ferry, G. Forget, Y. Fujii, S. Good, S. Guinehut, K. Haines, Y. Ishikawa, S. Keeley, A. Köhl, T. Lee, M. J. Martin, S. Masina, S. Masuda, B. Meyssignac, K. Mogensen, L. Parent, K. A. Peterson, Y. M. Tang, Y. Yin, G. Vernieres, X. Wang, J. Waters, R. Wedd, O. Wang, Y. Xue, M. Chevallier, J. F. Lemieux, F. Dupont, T. Kuragano, M. Kamachi, T. Awaji, A. Caltabiano, K. Wilmer-Becker, and F. Gaillard, 2015: The Ocean Reanalyses Intercomparison Project (ORA-IP). Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8, s80-s97, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2015.1022329

Baringer, M. O., W. E. Johns, W. R. Hobbs, S. Garzoli, S. Dong, and J. Willis, 2015: Global Oceans: Meridional oceanic heat transport in the Atlantic Ocean, In State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S81-S82, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Baringer, M. O., G. D. McCarthy, J. K. Willis, D. A. Smeed, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, M. Lankhorst, U. Send, S. A. Cunningham, and T. O. Kanzow, 2015: Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean, In State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S78 – S80, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Barthélemy, A., T. Fichefet, H. Goosse, and G. Madec, 2015: Modeling the interplay between sea ice formation and the oceanic mixed layer: Limitations of simple brine rejection parameterizations. Ocean Modelling, 86, 141-152, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.12.009

Barton, A. D., M. S. Lozier, and R. G. Williams, 2015: Physical controls of variability in North Atlantic phytoplankton communities. Limnology and Oceanography, 60, 181-197, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lno.10011

Bashmachnikov, I., Â. Nascimento, F. Neves, T. Menezes, and N. V. Koldunov, 2015: Distribution of intermediate water masses in the subtropical northeast Atlantic. Ocean Science, 11, 803-827, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-803-2015

Bashmachnikov, I., F. Neves, T. Calheiros, and X. Carton, 2015: Properties and pathways of Mediterranean water eddies in the Atlantic. Progress in Oceanography, 137, Part A, 149-172, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2015.06.001

Bashmachnikov, I., F. Neves, Â. Nascimento, J. Medeiros, I. Ambar, J. Dias, and X. Carton, 2015: Temperature–salinity distribution in the northeastern Atlantic from ship and Argo vertical casts. Ocean Science, 11, 215-236, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-215-2015

Beal, L. M., S. Elipot, A. Houk, and G. M. Leber, 2015: Capturing the Transport Variability of a Western Boundary Jet: Results from the Agulhas Current Time-Series Experiment (ACT). Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 1302-1324, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0119.1

Beazley, L., E. Kenchington, I. Yashayaev, and F. J. Murillo, 2015: Drivers of epibenthic megafaunal composition in the sponge grounds of the Sackville Spur, northwest Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 98, 102-114, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.11.016

Bell, M. J., A. Schiller, P. Y. Le Traon, N. R. Smith, E. Dombrowsky, and K. Wilmer-Becker, 2015: An introduction to GODAE OceanView. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8, s2-s11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2015.1022041

Berelson, W. M., W. Z. Haskell Ii, M. Prokopenko, A. N. Knapp, D. E. Hammond, N. Rollins, and D. G. Capone, 2015: Biogenic particle flux and benthic remineralization in the Eastern Tropical South Pacific. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 99, 23-34, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.12.006

 Bhaskar, T. V. S., N. S. Kumar, M. Ravichandran, and K. D. A. Kumar, 2015: On the Possible Use of Satellite Fixed Positions for Argo Float Profiles in Case of Wrong Fixes by GPS. International Journal of Earth Science and Engineering, 8, 710-715,

Bhaskar, T. V. S. U. and C. Jayaram, 2015: Evaluation of Aquarius Sea Surface Salinity With Argo Sea Surface Salinity in the Tropical Indian Ocean. Ieee Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 12, 1292-1296, https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2015.2393894

Bingham, F. M., P. Li, Z. Li, Q. Vu, and Y. Chao, 2015: Data management support for the SPURS Atlantic field campaign. Oceanography, 28, 46-55, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.13

Bittig, H. C. and A. Körtzinger, 2015: Tackling Oxygen Optode Drift: Near-Surface and In-Air Oxygen Optode Measurements on a Float Provide an Accurate in Situ Reference. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 1536-1543, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00162.1

Blanke, B., S. Speich, and E. Rusciano, 2015: Lagrangian water mass tracing from pseudo-Argo, model-derived salinity, tracer and velocity data: An application to Antarctic Intermediate Water in the South Atlantic Ocean. Ocean Modelling, 85, 56-67, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.11.004

Bond, N. A., M. F. Cronin, and H. Freeland, 2015: The Blob: An extream warm anomaly in the northeast Pacific – 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Bond, N. A., M. F. Cronin, H. Freeland, and N. Mantua, 2015: Causes and impacts of the 2014 warm anomaly in the NE Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 3414-3420, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063306

Bosse, A., P. Testor, L. Mortier, L. Prieur, V. Taillandier, F. d’Ortenzio, and L. Coppola, 2015: Spreading of Levantine Intermediate Waters by submesoscale coherent vortices in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea as observed with gliders. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 1599-1622, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010263

Bowie, A. R., P. van der Merwe, F. Quéroué, T. Trull, M. Fourquez, F. Planchon, G. Sarthou, F. Chever, A. T. Townsend, I. Obernosterer, J. B. Sallée, and S. Blain, 2015: Iron budgets for three distinct biogeochemical sites around the Kerguelen Archipelago (Southern Ocean) during the natural fertilisation study, KEOPS-2. Biogeosciences, 12, 4421-4445, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-4421-2015

Boyer, T., J. Antonov, J. Reagan, C. Schmid, and R. Locarnini, 2015: Global Oceans: Subsurface Salinity, In State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S74-S76, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Brannigan, L., D. P. Marshall, A. Naveira-Garabato, and A. J. George Nurser, 2015: The seasonal cycle of submesoscale flows. Ocean Modelling, 92, 69-84, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.05.002

Brewin, R. J. W., S. Sathyendranath, T. Jackson, R. Barlow, V. Brotas, R. Airs, and T. Lamont, 2015: Influence of light in the mixed-layer on the parameters of a three-component model of phytoplankton size class. Remote Sensing of Environment, 168, 437-450, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.07.004

Brix, H., D. Menemenlis, C. Hill, S. Dutkiewicz, O. Jahn, D. Wang, K. Bowman, and H. Zhang, 2015: Using Green’s Functions to initialize and adjust a global, eddying ocean biogeochemistry general circulation model. Ocean Modelling, 95, 1-14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.008

Brodeau, L. and T. Koenigk, 2015: Extinction of the northern oceanic deep convection in an ensemble of climate model simulations of the 20th and 21st centuries. Climate Dynamics, 1-20, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2736-5

Brossier, C. L., S. Bastin, K. Béranger, and P. Drobinski, 2015: Regional mesoscale air–sea coupling impacts and extreme meteorological events role on the Mediterranean Sea water budget. Climate Dynamics, 44, 1029-1051, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-014-2252-z

Brune, S., L. Nerger, and J. Baehr, 2015: Assimilation of oceanic observations in a global coupled Earth system model with the SEIK filter. Ocean Modelling, 96, Part 2, 254-264, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.09.011

Bryan, F. and S. Bachman, 2015: Isohaline Salinity Budget of the North Atlantic Salinity Maximum. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 724-736, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0172.1

 Bushinsky, S. M. and S. Emerson, 2015: Marine biological production from in situ oxygen measurements on a profiling float in the subarctic Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 2050-2060, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005251

Camara, I., N. Kolodziejczyk, J. Mignot, A. Lazar, and A. T. Gaye, 2015: On the seasonal variations of salinity of the tropical Atlantic mixed layer. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 4441-4462, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010865

Candille, G., J. M. Brankart, and P. Brasseur, 2015: Assessment of an ensemble system that assimilates Jason-1/Envisat altimeter data in a probabilistic model of the North Atlantic ocean circulation. Ocean Science, 11, 425-438, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-425-2015

Canepa, E., S. Pensieri, R. Bozzano, M. Faimali, P. Traverso, and L. Cavaleri, 2015: The ODAS Italia 1 buoy: More than forty years of activity in the Ligurian Sea. Progress in Oceanography, 135, 48-63, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2015.04.005

Cao, Z. and R. Hu, 2015: Research on the interannual variability of the great whirl and the related mechanisms. Journal of Ocean University of China, 14, 17-26, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-015-2392-8

Carranza, M. M. and S. T. Gille, 2015: Southern Ocean wind-driven entrainment enhances satellite chlorophyll-a through the summer. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 304-323, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010203

Carse, F., M. J. Martin, A. Sellar, and E. W. Blockley, 2015: Impact of assimilating temperature and salinity measurements by animal-borne sensors on FOAM ocean model fields. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141, 2934-2943, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qj.2613

Castellanos, P., J. L. Pelegrí, E. J. D. Campos, M. Rosell-Fieschi, and M. Gasser, 2015: Response of the surface tropical Atlantic Ocean to wind forcing. Progress in Oceanography, 134, 271-292, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2015.02.005

Chacko, N., D. Dutta, M. M. Ali, J. R. Sharma, and V. K. Dadhwal, 2015: Near-Real-Time Availability of Ocean Heat Content Over the North Indian Ocean. Ieee Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 12, 1033-1036, https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2014.2375196

Chaitanya, A. V. S., F. Durand, S. Mathew, V. Gopalakrishna, F. Papa, M. Lengaigne, J. Vialard, C. Kranthikumar, and R. Venkatesan, 2015: Observed year-to-year sea surface salinity variability in the Bay of Bengal during the 2009–2014 period. Ocean Dynamics, 65, 173-186, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-014-0802-x

Chakraborty, A., R. Kumar, S. Basu, and R. Sharma, 2015: Improving Ocean State by Assimilating SARAL/AltiKa Derived Sea Level and Other Satellite-Derived Data in MITGCM. Marine Geodesy, 38, 328-338, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01490419.2014.1002142

Chakraborty, A., R. Sharma, R. Kumar, and S. Basu, 2015: Joint assimilation of Aquarius-derived sea surface salinity and AVHRR-derived sea surface temperature in an ocean general circulation model using SEEK filter: Implication for mixed layer depth and barrier layer thickness. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 6927-6942, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010934

Chao, Y., J. D. Farrara, G. Schumann, K. M. Andreadis, and D. Moller, 2015: Sea surface salinity variability in response to the Congo river discharge. Continental Shelf Research, 99, 35-45, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2015.03.005

Chen, G. and H. Chen, 2015: Interannual Modality of Upper-Ocean Temperature: 4D Structure Revealed by Argo Data. Journal of Climate, 28, 3441-3452, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00351.1

Chen, G. and F. Yu, 2015: An objective algorithm for estimating maximum oceanic mixed layer depth using seasonality indices derived from Argo temperature/salinity profiles. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 582-595, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010383

Chen, K. and R. He, 2015: Mean circulation in the coastal ocean off northeastern North America from a regional-scale ocean model. Ocean Science, 11, 503-517, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-503-2015

Chen, Z., L. Wu, B. Qiu, L. Li, D. Hu, C. Liu, F. Jia, and X. Liang, 2015: Strengthening Kuroshio observed at its origin during November 2010 to October 2012. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 2460-2470, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010590

Cheng, L., F. Zheng, and J. Zhu, 2015: Distinctive ocean interior changes during the recent warming slowdown. Scientific Reports, 5, 14346, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep14346

Cheng, L. and J. Zhu, 2015: Influences of the Choice of Climatology on Ocean Heat Content Estimation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 388-394, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00169.1

Cheng, L., J. Zhu, and R. L. Sriver, 2015: Global representation of tropical cyclone-induced short-term ocean thermal changes using Argo data. Ocean Science, 11, 719-741, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-719-2015

Chiswell, S. M., H. C. Bostock, P. J. H. Sutton, and M. J. M. Williams, 2015: Physical oceanography of the deep seas around New Zealand: a review. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 49, 286-317, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00288330.2014.992918

Chiswell, S. M. and P. J. H. Sutton, 2015: Drifter- and float-derived mean circulation at the surface and 1000 m in the New Zealand region. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 49, 259-277, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00288330.2015.1008522

Choi, Y., 2015: Comparative simulation study of effects of eddy-topography interaction in the East/Japan Sea deep circulation. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34, 1-18, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13131-015-0693-1

Chu, P. C., R. T. Tokmakian, C. Fan, and L. C. Sun, 2015: Optimal Spectral Decomposition (OSD) for Ocean Data Assimilation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 828-841, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00079.1

Closset, I., D. Cardinal, S. G. Bray, F. Thil, I. Djouraev, A. S. Rigual-Hernández, and T. W. Trull, 2015: Seasonal variations, origin, and fate of settling diatoms in the Southern Ocean tracked by silicon isotope records in deep sediment traps. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 1495-1510, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005180

Cole, H. S., S. Henson, A. P. Martin, and A. Yool, 2015: Basin-wide mechanisms for spring bloom initiation: how typical is the North Atlantic? ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, 72, 2029-2040, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsu239

Cole, S. T., C. Wortham, E. Kunze, and W. B. Owens, 2015: Eddy stirring and horizontal diffusivity from Argo float observations: Geographic and depth variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 3989-3997, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063827

Costa, F. B. and C. A. S. Tanajura, 2015: Assimilation of sea-level anomalies and Argo data into HYCOM and its impact on the 24 hour forecasts in the western tropical and South Atlantic. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8, 52-62, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2015.1014646

Couhert, A., L. Cerri, J.-F. Legeais, M. Ablain, N. P. Zelensky, B. J. Haines, F. G. Lemoine, W. I. Bertiger, S. D. Desai, and M. Otten, 2015: Towards the 1mm/y stability of the radial orbit error at regional scales. Advances in Space Research, 55, 2-23, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2014.06.041

Cravatte, S., E. Kestenare, G. Eldin, A. Ganachaud, J. Lefèvre, F. Marin, C. Menkes, and J. Aucan, 2015: Regional circulation around New Caledonia from two decades of observations. Journal of Marine Systems, 148, 249-271, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.03.004

Cronin, M. F., N. A. Pelland, S. R. Emerson, and W. R. Crawford, 2015: Estimating diffusivity from the mixed layer heat and salt balances in the North Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 7346-7362, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011010

Czeschel, R., L. Stramma, R. A. Weller, and T. Fischer, 2015: Circulation, eddies, oxygen, and nutrient changes in the eastern tropical South Pacific Ocean. Ocean Science, 11, 455-470, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-455-2015

D’Addezio, J. M., B. Subrahmanyam, E. S. Nyadjro, and V. S. N. Murty, 2015: Seasonal Variability of Salinity and Salt Transport in the Northern Indian Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 1947-1966, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0210.1

Da-Allada, C. Y., F. Gaillard, and N. Kolodziejczyk, 2015: Mixed-layer salinity budget in the tropical Indian Ocean: seasonal cycle based only on observations. Ocean Dynamics, 65, 845-857, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-015-0837-7

DeMott, C. A., N. P. Klingaman, and S. J. Woolnough, 2015: Atmosphere-ocean coupled processes in the Madden-Julian oscillation. Reviews of Geophysics, 53, 1099-1154, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014RG000478

Dieng, H. B., A. Cazenave, K. von Schuckmann, M. Ablain, and B. Meyssignac, 2015: Sea level budget over 2005–2013: missing contributions and data errors. Ocean Science, 11, 789-802, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-789-2015

Dieng, H. B., H. Palanisamy, A. Cazenave, B. Meyssignac, and K. von Schuckmann, 2015: The Sea Level Budget Since 2003: Inference on the Deep Ocean Heat Content. Surveys in Geophysics, 36, 209-229, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10712-015-9314-6

Divakaran, P., G. B. Brassington, A. G. Ryan, C. Regnier, T. Spindler, A. Mehra, F. Hernandez, G. C. Smith, Y. Liu, and F. Davidson, 2015: GODAE OceanView Inter-comparison for the Australian Region. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8, s112-s126, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2015.1022333

Dobricic, S., C. K. Wikle, R. F. Milliff, N. Pinardi, and L. M. Berliner, 2015: Assimilation of oceanographic observations with estimates of vertical background-error covariances by a Bayesian hierarchical model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141, 182-194, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qj.2348

Dohan, K., H.-Y. Kao, and G. S. E. Lagerloef, 2015: The freshwater balance over the North Atlantic SPURS domain from Aquarius satellite salinity, OSCAR satellite surface currents and some simplified approaches. Oceanography, 28, 86-95, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.07

Doi, T., S. Osafune, N. Sugiura, S. Kouketsu, A. Murata, S. Masuda, and T. Toyoda, 2015: Multidecadal change in the dissolved inorganic carbon in a long-term ocean state estimation. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7, 1885-1900, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015MS000462

Dong, S., G. Goni, and F. Bringas, 2015: Temporal variability of the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation between 20°S and 35°S. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 7655-7662, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL065603

Dong, S., G. Goni, and R. Lumpkin, 2015: Mixed-layer salinity budget in the SPURS region on seasonal to interannual time scales. Oceanography, 28, 78-85, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.05

d’Ovidio, F., A. Della Penna, T. W. Trull, F. Nencioli, M. I. Pujol, M. H. Rio, Y. H. Park, C. Cotté, M. Zhou, and S. Blain, 2015: The biogeochemical structuring role of horizontal stirring: Lagrangian perspectives on iron delivery downstream of the Kerguelen Plateau. Biogeosciences, 12, 5567-5581, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-5567-2015

Du, Y. and Y. Zhang, 2015: Satellite and Argo Observed Surface Salinity Variations in the Tropical Indian Ocean and Their Association with the Indian Ocean Dipole Mode. Journal of Climate, 28, 695-713, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00435.1

Du, Y., Y. Zhang, M. Feng, T. Wang, N. Zhang, and S. Wijffels, 2015: Decadal trends of the upper ocean salinity in the tropical Indo-Pacific since mid-1990s. Scientific Reports, 5, 16050, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep16050

Dupont, F., S. Higginson, R. Bourdallé-Badie, Y. Lu, F. Roy, G. C. Smith, J. F. Lemieux, G. Garric, and F. Davidson, 2015: A high-resolution ocean and sea-ice modelling system for the Arctic and North Atlantic oceans. Geoscientific Model Development, 8, 1577-1594, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-1577-2015

Durack, P. J., 2015: Ocean salinity and the global water cycle. Oceanography, 28, 20-31, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.03

Durski, S. M., A. L. Kurapov, J. S. Allen, P. M. Kosro, G. D. Egbert, R. K. Shearman, and J. A. Barth, 2015: Coastal ocean variability in the US Pacific Northwest region: seasonal patterns, winter circulation, and the influence of the 2009–2010 El Niño. Ocean Dynamics, 65, 1643-1663, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-015-0891-1

Dylmer, C. V., J. Giraudeau, V. Hanquiez, and K. Husum, 2015: The coccolithophores Emiliania huxleyi and Coccolithus pelagicus: Extant populations from the Norwegian–Iceland Seas and Fram Strait. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 98, 1-9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.11.012

Estapa, M. L., D. A. Siegel, K. O. Buesseler, R. H. R. Stanley, M. W. Lomas, and N. B. Nelson, 2015: Decoupling of net community and export production on submesoscales in the Sargasso Sea. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 1266-1282, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GB004913

Evans, K., J. N. Brown, A. Sen Gupta, S. J. Nicol, S. Hoyle, R. Matear, and H. Arrizabalaga, 2015: When 1+1 can be > 2: Uncertainties compound when simulating climate, fisheries and marine ecosystems. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 113, 312-322, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.04.006

Farmer, G. T., 2015: Status of Climate Change Research. Modern Climate Change Science, Springer International Publishing, 43-99, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09222-5_2.

Farrar, J. T., L. Rainville, A. J. Plueddemann, W. Kessler, C. Lee, B. A. Hodges, R. W. Schmitt, J. B. Edson, S. C. Riser, C. C. Eriksen, and D. M. Fratantoni, 2015: Salinity and temperature balances at the SPURS central moring during fall and winter. Oceanography, 28, 56-65, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.06

Faure, V. and Y. Kawai, 2015: Heat and salt budgets of the mixed layer around the Subarctic Front of the North Pacific Ocean. Journal of Oceanography, 71, 527-539, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-015-0318-0

Feng, M., J. Benthuysen, N. Zhang, and D. Slawinski, 2015: Freshening anomalies in the Indonesian throughflow and impacts on the Leeuwin Current during 2010–2011. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 8555-8562, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL065848

Feng, W. and M. Zhong, 2015: Global sea level variations from altimetry, GRACE and Argo data over 2005–2014. Geodesy and Geodynamics, 6, 274-279, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geog.2015.07.001

Feng, Y., X. Chen, Q. Wang, and Y. Yuan, 2015: Mesoscale characteristics of Antarctic Intermediate Water in the South Pacific. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34, 92-101, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13131-015-0752-2

Fenty, I., D. Menemenlis, and H. Zhang, 2015: Global coupled sea ice-ocean state estimation. Climate Dynamics, 1-26, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2796-6

Ferrari, R., S. T. Merrifield, and J. R. Taylor, 2015: Shutdown of convection triggers increase of surface chlorophyll. Journal of Marine Systems, 147, 116-122, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.02.009

Foltz, G. R., K. Balaguru, and L. R. Leung, 2015: A reassessment of the integrated impact of tropical cyclones on surface chlorophyll in the western subtropical North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 1158-1164, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063222

Foltz, G. R., C. Schmid, and R. Lumpkin, 2015: Transport of Surface Freshwater from the Equatorial to the Subtropical North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 1086-1102, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0189.1

Forget, G., J. M. Campin, P. Heimbach, C. N. Hill, R. M. Ponte, and C. Wunsch, 2015: ECCO version 4: an integrated framework for non-linear inverse modeling and global ocean state estimation. Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 3071-3104, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-3071-2015

Forget, G., D. Ferreira, and X. Liang, 2015: On the observability of turbulent transport rates by Argo: supporting evidence from an inversion experiment. Ocean Science, 11, 839-853, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-839-2015

Frenger, I., M. Münnich, N. Gruber, and R. Knutti, 2015: Southern Ocean eddy phenomenology. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 7413-7449, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011047

Frigstad, H., S. A. Henson, S. E. Hartman, A. M. Omar, E. Jeansson, H. Cole, C. Pebody, and R. S. Lampitt, 2015: Links between surface productivity and deep ocean particle flux at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained observatory. Biogeosciences, 12, 5885-5897, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-5885-2015

 Fripiat, F., M. Elskens, T. W. Trull, S. Blain, A. J. Cavagna, C. Fernandez, D. Fonseca-Batista, F. Planchon, P. Raimbault, A. Roukaerts, and F. Dehairs, 2015: Significant mixed layer nitrification in a natural iron-fertilized bloom of the Southern Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 1929-1943, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GB005051

Fujii, Y., K. Ogawa, G. B. Brassington, K. Ando, T. Yasuda, and T. Kuragano, 2015: Evaluating the impacts of the tropical Pacific observing system on the ocean analysis fields in the global ocean data assimilation system for operational seasonal forecasts in JMA. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8, 25-39, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2015.1014640

Furue, R., Y. Jia, J. P. McCreary, N. Schneider, K. J. Richards, P. Müller, B. D. Cornuelle, N. M. Avellaneda, D. Stammer, C. Liu, and A. Köhl, 2015: Impacts of regional mixing on the temperature structure of the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Part 1: Vertically uniform vertical diffusion. Ocean Modelling, 91, 91-111, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.10.002

Gaillard, F., D. Diverres, S. Jacquin, Y. Gouriou, J. Grelet, M. Le Menn, J. Tassel, and G. Reverdin, 2015: Sea surface temperature and salinity from French research vessels, 2001–2013. Scientific Data, 2, 150054, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2015.54

Galí, M., E. Devred, M. Levasseur, S.-J. Royer, and M. Babin, 2015: A remote sensing algorithm for planktonic dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and an analysis of global patterns. Remote Sensing of Environment, 171, 171-184, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.10.012

Ganias, K., S. K. Lowerre-Barbieri, and W. Cooper, 2015: Understanding the determinate–indeterminate fecundity dichotomy in fish populations using a temperature dependent oocyte growth model. Journal of Sea Research, 96, 1-10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2014.10.018

García-Lafuente, J., C. Naranjo, R. Sánchez-Leal, S. Sammartino, M. J. Bellanco, J. C. Sánchez-Garrido, and J. Soto-Navarro, 2015: On the origin of the seasonal and interannual T–S variability of the inflow through the Strait of Gibraltar. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 101, 38-53, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.03.005

Garzoli, S. L., S. Dong, R. Fine, C. S. Meinen, R. C. Perez, C. Schmid, E. van Sebille, and Q. Yao, 2015: The fate of the Deep Western Boundary Current in the South Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 103, 125-136, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.05.008

Gasparin, F., D. Roemmich, J. Gilson, and B. Cornuelle, 2015: Assessment of the Upper-Ocean Observing System in the Equatorial Pacific: The Role of Argo in Resolving Intraseasonal to Interannual Variability. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 1668-1688, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00218.1

Goes, M., M. Baringer, and G. Goni, 2015: The impact of historical biases on the XBT-derived meridional overturning circulation estimates at 34°S. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 1848-1855, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GL061802

Goes, M., G. Goni, and S. Dong, 2015: An optimal XBT-based monitoring system for the South Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 34°S. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 161-181, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010202

Gordon, A. L., C. F. Giulivi, J. Busecke, and F. M. Bingham, 2015: Differences among subtropical surface salinity patterns. Oceanography, 28, 32-39, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.02

Grand, M. M., C. I. Measures, M. Hatta, W. T. Hiscock, C. S. Buck, and W. M. Landing, 2015: Dust deposition in the eastern Indian Ocean: The ocean perspective from Antarctica to the Bay of Bengal. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 357-374, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GB004898

Gray, A. R. and S. C. Riser, 2015: A method for multiscale optimal analysis with application to Argo data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 4340-4356, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010208

Grayek, S., E. Stanev, and J. Schulz-Stellenfleth, 2015: Assessment of the Black Sea observing system. A focus on 2005-2012 Argo campaigns. Ocean Dynamics, 1-20, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-015-0889-8

 Grenier, M., A. Della Penna, and T. W. Trull, 2015: Autonomous profiling float observations of the high-biomass plume downstream of the Kerguelen Plateau in the Southern Ocean. Biogeosciences, 12, 2707-2735, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-2707-2015

Grist, J. P., S. A. Josey, Z. L. Jacobs, R. Marsh, B. Sinha, and E. Van Sebille, 2015: Extreme air–sea interaction over the North Atlantic subpolar gyre during the winter of 2013–2014 and its sub-surface legacy. Climate Dynamics, 1-19, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2819-3

Große, F., C. Lindemann, J. Pätsch, and J. O. Backhaus, 2015: The influence of winter convection on primary production: A parameterisation using a hydrostatic three-dimensional biogeochemical model. Journal of Marine Systems, 147, 138-152, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.07.002

Ha, J., S. Shin, W. Chung, Y. Choi, B. Hong, and N. Koo, 2015: A proposal of seismic oceanography for temperature model inversion of the East Sea, Korea. Geosystem Engineering, 18, 312-337, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/12269328.2015.1071208

Halpern, D., D. Menemenlis, and X. Wang, 2015: Impact of Data Assimilation on ECCO2 Equatorial Undercurrent and North Equatorial Countercurrent in the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 131-143, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00025.1

Hanan, D. S. M. M., 2015: Impacts of 2009 Typhoons on Seawater Properties and Top Layer Ocean’s Structure in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. Sains Malaysiana, 44, 167-173, http://www.ukm.my/jsm/english_journals/vol44num2_2015/vol44num2_2015p167-173.html

Hartman, S. E., Z. P. Jiang, D. Turk, R. S. Lampitt, H. Frigstad, C. Ostle, and U. Schuster, 2015: Biogeochemical variations at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained Observatory in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, from weekly to inter-annual timescales. Biogeosciences, 12, 845-853, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-845-2015

Hauser, T., E. Demirov, J. Zhu, and I. Yashayaev, 2015: North Atlantic atmospheric and ocean inter-annual variability over the past fifty years – Dominant patterns and decadal shifts. Progress in Oceanography, 132, 197-219, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.008

He, Z., M. Feng, D. Wang, and D. Slawinski, 2015: Contribution of the Karimata Strait transport to the Indonesian Throughflow as seen from a data assimilation model. Continental Shelf Research, 92, 16-22, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2014.10.007

Hebert, D. A., R. A. Allard, E. J. Metzger, P. G. Posey, R. H. Preller, A. J. Wallcraft, M. W. Phelps, and O. M. Smedstad, 2015: Short-term sea ice forecasting: An assessment of ice concentration and ice drift forecasts using the U.S. Navy’s Arctic Cap Nowcast/Forecast System. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 8327-8345, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011283

Heuzé, C., F. Vivier, J. Le Sommer, J. M. Molines, and T. Penduff, 2015: Can we map the interannual variability of the whole upper Southern Ocean with the current database of hydrographic observations? Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 7960-7978, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011115

Hochet, A., T. Huck, and A. Colin de Verdière, 2015: Large-Scale Baroclinic Instability of the Mean Oceanic Circulation: A Local Approach. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 2738-2754, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0084.1

Holdsworth, A. M. and P. G. Myers, 2015: The Influence of High-Frequency Atmospheric Forcing on the Circulation and Deep Convection of the Labrador Sea. Journal of Climate, 28, 4980-4996, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00564.1

Hormann, V., L. R. Centurioni, and G. Reverdin, 2015: Evaluation of Drifter Salinities in the Subtropical North Atlantic. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 185-192, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00179.1

Hosoda, S., M. Nonaka, Y. Sasai, and H. Sasaki, 2015: Early summertime interannual variability in surface and subsurface temperature in the North Pacific. Journal of Oceanography, 71, 557-573, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-015-0307-3

Hosoda, S., M. Nonaka, T. Tomita, B. Taguchi, H. Tomita, and N. Iwasaka, 2015: Impact of downward heat penetration below the shallow seasonal thermocline on the sea surface temperature. Journal of Oceanography, 71, 541-556, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-015-0275-7

Houpert, L., P. Testor, X. Durrieu de Madron, S. Somot, F. D’Ortenzio, C. Estournel, and H. Lavigne, 2015: Seasonal cycle of the mixed layer, the seasonal thermocline and the upper-ocean heat storage rate in the Mediterranean Sea derived from observations. Progress in Oceanography, 132, 333-352, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.11.004

Hsin, Y.-C., 2015: Multidecadal variations of the surface Kuroshio between 1950s and 2000s and its impacts on surrounding waters. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 1792-1808, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010582

Hu, Z.-Z. and A. Kumar, 2015: Influence of availability of TAO data on NCEP ocean data assimilation systems along the equatorial Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 5534-5544, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010913

Hu, Z.-Z., A. Kumar, and B. Huang, 2015: Spatial distribution and the interdecadal change of leading modes of heat budget of the mixed-layer in the tropical Pacific and the association with ENSO. Climate Dynamics, 1-16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2672-4

Hummels, R., P. Brandt, M. Dengler, J. Fischer, M. Araujo, D. Veleda, and J. V. Durgadoo, 2015: Interannual to decadal changes in the western boundary circulation in the Atlantic at 11°S. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 7615-7622, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL065254

Ito, K., T. Kuroda, K. Saito, and A. Wada, 2015: Forecasting a Large Number of Tropical Cyclone Intensities around Japan Using a High-Resolution Atmosphere–Ocean Coupled Model. Weather and Forecasting, 30, 793-808, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-14-00034.1

 Itoh, S., I. Yasuda, H. Saito, A. Tsuda, and K. Komatsu, 2015: Mixed layer depth and chlorophyll a: Profiling float observations in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension region. Journal of Marine Systems, 151, 1-14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.06.004

Jacox, M. G., J. Fiechter, A. M. Moore, and C. A. Edwards, 2015: ENSO and the California Current coastal upwelling response. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 1691-1702, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010650

Jaimes, B., L. K. Shay, and E. W. Uhlhorn, 2015: Enthalpy and Momentum Fluxes during Hurricane Earl Relative to Underlying Ocean Features. Monthly Weather Review, 143, 111-131, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00277.1

Jana, S., A. Gangopadhyay, and A. Chakraborty, 2015: Impact of seasonal river input on the Bay of Bengal simulation. Continental Shelf Research, 104, 45-62, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2015.05.001

Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. Antonov, N. L. Bindoff, T. Boyer, C. M. Domingues, S. A. Good, M. Ishii, and J. K. Willis, 2015: Global Oceans: Ocean heat content, In State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S64-S66, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, G. S. E. Lagerloef, and H.-Y. Kao, 2015: Global Oceans: Sea surface salinity, In State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S71-S74, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, and S. G. Purkey, 2015: Informing Deep Argo Array Design Using Argo and Full-Depth Hydrographic Section Data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 2187-2198, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0139.1

 Johnson, K. S., J. N. Plant, S. C. Riser, and D. Gilbert, 2015: Air Oxygen Calibration of Oxygen Optodes on a Profiling Float Array. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 2160-2172, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0101.1

Jonsson, B. F., S. Doney, J. Dunne, and M. L. Bender, 2015: Evaluating Southern Ocean biological production in two ocean biogeochemical models on daily to seasonal timescales using satellite chlorophyll and O2 / Ar observations. Biogeosciences, 12, 681-695, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-681-2015

Josey, S. A., J. Grist, D. Kieke, I. Yashayaev, and L. Yu, 2015: Extraordinary Ocean Cooling and New Dense Water Formation in the North Atlantic, In State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, S67-S68, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Juza, M., B. Mourre, J.-M. Lellouche, M. Tonani, and J. Tintoré, 2015: From basin to sub-basin scale assessment and intercomparison of numerical simulations in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 149, 36-49, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.04.010

Kaneko, H., S. Itoh, S. Kouketsu, T. Okunishi, S. Hosoda, and T. Suga, 2015: Evolution and modulation of a poleward-propagating anticyclonic eddy along the Japan and Kuril-Kamchatka trenches. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 4418-4440, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010693

Kao, H.-Y. and G. S. E. Lagerloef, 2015: Salinity fronts in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 1096-1106, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010114

Karspeck, A. R., D. Stammer, A. Köhl, G. Danabasoglu, M. Balmaseda, D. M. Smith, Y. Fujii, S. Zhang, B. Giese, H. Tsujino, and A. Rosati, 2015: Comparison of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation between 1960 and 2007 in six ocean reanalysis products. Climate Dynamics, 1-26, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2787-7

 Karstensen, J., B. Fiedler, F. Schütte, P. Brandt, A. Körtzinger, G. Fischer, R. Zantopp, J. Hahn, M. Visbeck, and D. Wallace, 2015: Open ocean dead zones in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 12, 2597-2605, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-2597-2015

Kassis, D., G. Korres, G. Petihakis, and L. Perivoliotis, 2015: Hydrodynamic variability of the Cretan Sea derived from Argo float profiles and multi-parametric buoy measurements during 2010–2012. Ocean Dynamics, 1-17, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-015-0892-0

Katsura, S., E. Oka, and K. Sato, 2015: Formation Mechanism of Barrier Layer in the Subtropical Pacific. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 2790-2805, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0028.1

Keating, S. R. and K. S. Smith, 2015: Upper ocean flow statistics estimated from superresolved sea-surface temperature images. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 1197-1214, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010357

Kieke, D. and I. Yashayaev, 2015: Studies of Labrador Sea Water formation and variability in the subpolar North Atlantic in the light of international partnership and collaboration. Progress in Oceanography, 132, 220-232, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.12.010

Kilbourne, B. F. and J. B. Girton, 2015: Quantifying High-Frequency Wind Energy Flux into Near-Inertial Motions in the Southeast Pacific. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 369-386, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0076.1

Kilbourne, B. F. and J. B. Girton, 2015: Surface boundary layer evolution and near-inertial wind power input. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 7506-7520, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011213

Kim, H., J. Kim, and D.-G. Paeng, 2015: Analysis of Surface Sound Channel by Low Salinity Water and Its Mid-frequency Acoustic Characteristics in the East China Sea and the Gulf of Guinea. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, 34, 1-11, http://dx.doi.org/10.7776/ASK.2015.34.1.001

Kim, H.-J. and J.-B. Ahn, 2015: Improvement in Prediction of the Arctic Oscillation with a Realistic Ocean Initial Condition in a CGCM. Journal of Climate, 28, 8951-8967, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00457.1

Kim, J. H., H.-M. Eom, J.-K. Choi, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, and P.-H. Chang, 2015: Impacts of OSTIA Sea Surface Temperature in Regional Ocean Data Assimilation System. The Sea, 20, 1-15, http://dx.doi.org/10.7850/jkso.2015.20.1.1

Kim, Y. H., C. Hwang, and B.-J. Choi, 2015: An assessment of ocean climate reanalysis by the data assimilation system of KIOST from 1947 to 2012. Ocean Modelling, 91, 1-22, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.02.006

Kimizuka, M., F. Kobashi, A. Kubokawa, and N. Iwasaka, 2015: Vertical and horizontal structures of the North Pacific subtropical gyre axis. Journal of Oceanography, 71, 409-425, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-015-0301-9

Kjellsson, J., P. R. Holland, G. J. Marshall, P. Mathiot, Y. Aksenov, A. C. Coward, S. Bacon, A. P. Megann, and J. Ridley, 2015: Model sensitivity of the Weddell and Ross seas, Antarctica, to vertical mixing and freshwater forcing. Ocean Modelling, 94, 141-152, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.08.003

Kodama, T., T. Setou, M. Masujima, M. Okazaki, and T. Ichikawa, 2015: Intrusions of excess nitrate in the Kuroshio subsurface layer. Continental Shelf Research, 110, 191-200, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2015.10.012

Köhl, A., 2015: Evaluation of the GECCO2 ocean synthesis: transports of volume, heat and freshwater in the Atlantic. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141, 166-181, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qj.2347

Köhler, J., M. Sena Martins, N. Serra, and D. Stammer, 2015: Quality assessment of spaceborne sea surface salinity observations over the northern North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 94-112, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010067

Kok, P. H., M. F. Akhir, and F. T. Tangang, 2015: Thermal frontal zone along the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Continental Shelf Research, 110, 1-15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2015.09.010

Kolodziejczyk, N., O. Hernandez, J. Boutin, and G. Reverdin, 2015: SMOS salinity in the subtropical North Atlantic salinity maximum: 2. Two-dimensional horizontal thermohaline variability. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 972-987, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010103

Kolodziejczyk, N., G. Reverdin, J. Boutin, and O. Hernandez, 2015: Observation of the surface horizontal thermohaline variability at mesoscale to submesoscale in the north-eastern subtropical Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 2588-2600, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010455

Kolodziejczyk, N., G. Reverdin, and A. Lazar, 2015: Interannual Variability of the Mixed Layer Winter Convection and Spice Injection in the Eastern Subtropical North Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 504-525, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0042.1

Koslow, J. A. and J. Couture, 2015: Pacific Ocean observation programs: Gaps in ecological time series. Marine Policy, 51, 408-414, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2014.09.003

Kouketsu, S., H. Kaneko, T. Okunishi, K. Sasaoka, S. Itoh, R. Inoue, and H. Ueno, 2015: Mesoscale eddy effects on temporal variability of surface chlorophyll a in the Kuroshio Extension. Journal of Oceanography, 1-13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-015-0286-4

Kovačević, V., L. Ursella, M. Gacic, G. notarstefano, M. Menna, M. Bensi, and P. M. Poulain, 2015: On the Ionian thermohaline properties and circulation in 2010-2013 as measured by Argo floats. Acta Adriatica, 56, 97-114, http://jadran.izor.hr/acta/eng/redirect.htm?folder=56_1_pdf&file=56_1_5

Kumar, A., M. Chen, Y. Xue, and D. Behringer, 2015: An Analysis of the Temporal Evolution of ENSO Prediction Skill in the Context of the Equatorial Pacific Ocean Observing System. Monthly Weather Review, 143, 3204-3213, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-15-0035.1

Kunze, E., J. M. Klymak, R. C. Lien, R. Ferrari, C. M. Lee, M. A. Sundermeyer, and L. Goodman, 2015: Submesoscale Water-Mass Spectra in the Sargasso Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 1325-1338, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0108.1

Kuragano, T., Y. Fujii, and M. Kamachi, 2015: Evaluation of the Argo network using statistical space-time scales derived from satellite altimetry data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 4534-4551, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010730

Kwon, Y.-O., J.-J. Park, S. F. Gary, and M. S. Lozier, 2015: Year-to-Year Reoutcropping of Eighteen Degree Water in an Eddy-Resolving Ocean Simulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 1189-1204, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0122.1

Labrousse, S., J. Vacquié-Garcia, K. Heerah, C. Guinet, J.-B. Sallée, M. Authier, B. Picard, F. Roquet, F. Bailleul, M. Hindell, and J.-B. Charrassin, 2015: Winter use of sea ice and ocean water mass habitat by southern elephant seals: The length and breadth of the mystery. Progress in Oceanography, 137, Part A, 52-68, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2015.05.023

Lacour, L., H. Claustre, L. Prieur, and F. D’Ortenzio, 2015: Phytoplankton biomass cycles in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre: A similar mechanism for two different blooms in the Labrador Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 5403-5410, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL064540

 Lavigne, H., F. D’Ortenzio, M. Ribera D’Alcalà, H. Claustre, R. Sauzède, and M. Gacic, 2015: On the vertical distribution of the chlorophyll a concentration in the Mediterranean Sea: a basin-scale and seasonal approach. Biogeosciences, 12, 5021-5039, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-5021-2015

Le Traon, P. Y., D. Antoine, A. Bentamy, H. Bonekamp, L. A. Breivik, B. Chapron, G. Corlett, G. Dibarboure, P. DiGiacomo, C. Donlon, Y. Faugère, J. Font, F. Girard-Ardhuin, F. Gohin, J. A. Johannessen, M. Kamachi, G. Lagerloef, J. Lambin, G. Larnicol, P. Le Borgne, E. Leuliette, E. Lindstrom, M. J. Martin, E. Maturi, L. Miller, L. Mingsen, R. Morrow, N. Reul, M. H. Rio, H. Roquet, R. Santoleri, and J. Wilkin, 2015: Use of satellite observations for operational oceanography: recent achievements and future prospects. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8, s12-s27, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2015.1022050

Lea, D. J., I. Mirouze, M. J. Martin, R. R. King, A. Hines, D. Walters, and M. Thurlow, 2015: Assessing a New Coupled Data Assimilation System Based on the Met Office Coupled Atmosphere–Land–Ocean–Sea Ice Model. Monthly Weather Review, 143, 4678-4694, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-15-0174.1

Lee, E., Y. Noh, B. Qiu, and S.-W. Yeh, 2015: Seasonal variation of the upper ocean responding to surface heating in the North Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 5631-5647, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010800

Legler, D. M., H. J. Freeland, R. Lumpkin, G. Ball, M. J. McPhaden, S. North, R. Crowley, G. J. Goni, U. Send, and M. A. Merrifield, 2015: The current status of the real-time in situ Global Ocean Observing System for operational oceanography. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8, s189-s200, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2015.1049883

Leuliette, E. W., 2015: The Balancing of the Sea-Level Budget. Current Climate Change Reports, 1-7, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40641-015-0012-8

L’Hégaret, P., R. Duarte, X. Carton, C. Vic, D. Ciani, R. Baraille, and S. Corréard, 2015: Mesoscale variability in the Arabian Sea from HYCOM model results and observations: impact on the Persian Gulf Water path. Ocean Science, 11, 667-693, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/os-11-667-2015

Li, F., Y.-H. Jo, X.-H. Yan, and W. Timothy Liu, 2015: Varying temperature and heat content signatures in the central Labrador Sea at different layers and timescales. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 103, 114-124, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.04.012

Li, J., Z. Jing, S. Jiang, D. Wang, and T. Yan, 2015: An observed cyclonic eddy associated with boundary current in the northwestern South China Sea. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 18, 454-461, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14634988.2015.1100959

Li, Q. P., Y. Wang, Y. Dong, and J. Gan, 2015: Modeling long-term change of planktonic ecosystems in the northern South China Sea and the upstream Kuroshio Current. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 3913-3936, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010609

Li, Y., W. Han, and T. Lee, 2015: Intraseasonal sea surface salinity variability in the equatorial Indo-Pacific Ocean induced by Madden-Julian oscillations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 2233-2258, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010647

Li, Y., R. He, K. Chen, and D. J. McGillicuddy, 2015: Variational data assimilative modeling of the Gulf of Maine in spring and summer 2010. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 3522-3541, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010492

Li, Y. and F. Wang, 2015: Thermocline spiciness variations in the tropical Indian Ocean observed during 2003–2014. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 97, 52-66, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.12.004

Li, Z., J. C. McWilliams, K. Ide, and J. D. Farrara, 2015: Coastal ocean data assimilation using a multi-scale three-dimensional variational scheme. Ocean Dynamics, 65, 1001-1015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-015-0850-x

Liang, X., C. Wunsch, P. Heimbach, and G. Forget, 2015: Vertical Redistribution of Oceanic Heat Content. Journal of Climate, 28, 3821-3833, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00550.1

Lindstrom, E., F. Bryan, and R. Schmitt, 2015: Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study – The North Atlantic Experiement. Oceanography, 28, 14-19, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.01

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